Painting Instructions Page 9

Painting Wood
Base coat for wood.
Second coat dry brush.
Final coat gray dry brush.

Painting Brick
Base coat for brick.
Staining the brick.
Final coat gray dry brush.

Castle gray
colors

Earth tone
colors

Antiquing
method

Spray
painting

RAL color
system

Cavern
floors

Aging
techniques

Ship
corridors

Wood &
brick

Painting Wood
1. The three colors of paint used for wood are flat black (either spray paint or brush on), the medium earth tone from the Earth Tone painting instructions page, and the light Gray from the Castle Gray painting instructions page.

If you would like me to send you a sample chip of each color, mail me a self-addressed stamped envelope or send me an e-mail when you place an order. Any place that sells paint can mix up a quart the exact color to match the samples.

Here are the colors from several different paint brands so you can mix up your own without needing the paint chips.

My color Sherwin Williams Olympic Valspar Color Place (Walmart)
Earth Tone Medium
Butcher Paper
HGSW2153
Cowboy Hat
C21-5
Gleaming Tan
3002-7B
Hand Polished
Maple 10336
Castle Gray Light
Delicate Delia
HGSW3317
Abracadabra
D51-2
Shark Loop
4007-3B
Silver Light
Slate 11245
2.
Click on the video on the right to watch it.

This video is from the Half Timber project. However, the same colors and principles are used to paint any wooden beams and structures you may have.

3. Before we can spray paint these black, we need to stick these down to a piece of cardboard. I'm going to use cheap permanent double stick tape. You need the permanent kind or the pieces will not hold down.
4. Before sticking them down, check the back of your planks. If the backs are concave, then you will need to sand the back slightly with fine sandpaper so they will stick to the tape properly.

Simply lay a piece of fine sandpaper on a flat surface, place a plank on the sandpaper and give it a few quick swipes. This is much quicker and easier to do than you may think.

5. Check to see if your pieces are stuck down properly by taking a wide brush and brush across them with medium pressure on the cardboard.

Just pretend you are dry brushing your planks with paint. If they do not come loose from the cardboard then you know they will stay in place when you go to paint them.

6. The first coat I am spray painting it flat black. Be sure to do this outside or in a well-ventilated area.

Be sure to spray from all angles so that you get the sides and ends of each plank as well.

7. The second coat of paint is earth tone medium color from the Earth Tone Painting Instructions page. This is sort of a "pumpkin pie" color.

Click on the photo for a larger version of it.

If you are using house paint, thin the paint slightly and make the brush as dry as possible. If you are using acrylic craft paint then you may not have to thin it.

If the paint is too thick, you will get solid brown on the top of your planks. If you thin the paint but put too much on, the paint will run into the cracks.

The trick here is to thin the paint slightly, dip your brush in and brush almost all of it off on a paper towel (even more than usual for dry brushing).

What you want are lots of thin coats of paint. When first brushing over the planks, it will not look like anything is happening. This is exactly what you want. Don't go back for more paint but instead keep brushing over the planks.

If the coat of pumpkin pie color is thin enough, the black transmutes through the brown and changes the color completely. Pumpkin pie turns into a dark oak. Remember to brush lightly, keep the paint thin and keep the brush really dry.

8. To gray up the planks a bit, I'm going to dry brush them with light gray. You want to do this very lightly, just to highlight the edges and grey out the wood sections a little.

You do not have to do this, but it works very well to give the wood an aged appearance.

9.
Dry brushing the light gray.
Click on the video on the right to watch it.

This video shows the same process as above but with the added step of dry brushing the light gray.

Skip towards the end of the video to see this last step of light gray dry brushing.

10. When finished, pull up the tape and the planks should come up with it.

Your wooden planks are now completely painted and ready to glue on. The most time consuming part of the whole process is sticking them down onto the cardboard at first.

When pulling them off of the tape, it's best to sort them into piles so you can find the right length of plank you need easily.

Painting Brick
1.
Brick Base Coat
Click on the video on the right to watch it.

This video demonstrates what color is used for the base coat for painting the brick sections of this project.

2. To paint the brick, I'll use these colors: The medium earth tone and the light gray are both shown at the top of this page and are also used for painting wood. I found the Kiwi shoe polish at my local Wal-mart in the shoe department.
3. The first coat of paint is the earth tone medium. It's kind of a pumpkin pie color.

You can thin the paint slightly so it will go into the cracks easier. However, if the paint doesn't go into all the cracks, it's really not a problem because the shoe polish will end up going into the cracks anyway.

It's a good idea to wear a rubber glove on the hand that is holding the piece to be painted.

4. You may also choose to spray paint the base coat if you like. For the final examples, I'm testing these four base colors:
  • Krylon Satin Almond
  • Krylon Satin Pebble
  • Rust-Oleum Camouflage Sand
  • Earth Tone Medium (already shown above).
Spray painting the base coat can save a lot of time. Be sure you cover the brick completely but do not put a thick glossy coat of paint on it. Otherwise your brick will be glossy when finished.
5.
Staining the Brick
Click on the video on the right to watch it.

This video demonstrates how to apply the shoe polish mixture onto the painted surface of the brick.

6. After it's completely dry, I'm going to stain the piece with a 50/50 mix of Kiwi liquid brown shoe polish and Kiwi liquid cordovan shoe polish.

Simply pour equal amounts of each color into a cup and mix them together. The cordovan shoe polish is a red color with a purple tint to it.

I felt that the brown shoe polish alone just didn't have quite enough red in it for brick. However, you may feel differently about the color when you try it.

Be sure to always test your paint colors on some extra castings before applying them to your project. It's not just a matter of getting the colors right, it's also a way to practice how to apply the stain to the surface.

7. Jam the brush into all the cracks when applying the shoe polish and apply it liberally to all the surfaces.

Afterwards, scrape the excess stain off of the brush by scraping it on the side of the cup. Then dab up any excess drips you can find.

The shoe polish will get sticky as it starts to dry.

8. Afterwards you can dab up a little of the stain with a paper towel to mottle the texture somewhat.

Dabbing the surface is optional. If you wipe up too much of the stain, you won't leave enough brick color on the surface.

You will also find that the rubber glove will leave prints on the brick, so dabbing the surface helps to blend these fingerprints away and give your brick a more random look.

The shoe polish is water based so you can clean your brush out with water.

9.
Dry Brushing the Brick
Click on the video on the right to watch it.

This video demonstrates the method to dry brush the surface of the brick with light gray paint.

10. After the stain, I'm doing a light dry brush of the light gray. Doing this brings out the details and texture on the surface, as well as toning down the color of the brick.

This step is optional! If you like the color of the brick after you stain it, then don't worry about doing the dry brush because brushing on the gray is kind of difficult and easy to mess up.

Here is what makes the dry brushing difficult. You notice that in the top photo we have a nice flat surface to cover. You'll get the best results on a flat surface.

However, these wall sections have a lot of uneven bricks and protruding bits all over. The same amount of paint it takes to dry brush a flat wall will be way too much paint for the random protruding brick edges.

I ended up frosting the edges of the brick too much. It's really easy to get too much paint if you're not careful.

11. After the gray dry brushing, I've compared the four kinds of base coats (from step #4 above) after the brick was painted. Surprisingly, there's not much difference between the colors, even though the base coat colors were very different. Click on the photo for a larger view.

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bruce@hirstarts.com.